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14 February, 2017

HOW DO I KNOW WHETHER MY CAR IS OBD-II COMPLIANT

HOW DO I KNOW WHETHER MY CAR IS OBD-II COMPLIANT?

ODB-II Protocals

1. SAE J1850 PWM (41.6Kbaud)
2. SAE J1850 VPW (10.4Kbaud)
3. ISO9141-2(5 baud init, 10.4Kbaud)
4. ISO14230-4 KWP (5 baud init, 10.4 Kbaud)
5. ISO14230-4 KWP (fast init, 10.4 Kbaud)
6. ISO15765-4 CAN (11bit ID, 500 Kbaud)
7. ISO15765-4 CAN (29bit ID, 500 Kbaud)
8. ISO15765-4 CAN (11bit ID, 250 Kbaud)
9. ISO15765-4 CAN (29bit ID, 250 Kbaud)

10. Download Software

OBDLink® Vehicle Compatibility Chart

Vehicle compatibility chart by year

1996 or newer model year vehicle sold in the United States

United States legislation requires all cars and light trucks model year (MY) 1996 and newer to be OBD-II compliant. More information is available on the EPA's website. Our scan tools work on all 1996 and newer cars and light trucks sold in the United States, including:

Acura
Alfa Romeo
Ariel Atom
Aston Martin 
Audi
Bentley
BMW
Buick
Cadillac
Chevrolet
Chrysler
Citroen 
Daewoo

Daihatsu
Daimler 
Dodge
Ferrari 
Fiat
Ford
Geo
GMC
Holden
Honda
Hummer
Hyundai
Infiniti
Isuzu
Jaguar
Jeep
Kia
Lamborghini
Lancia 
Land Rover
Lexus
Lincoln
Lotus
Maserati
Mazda 
McLaren

Mercedes
Mercury
MG 
Mini
Mitsubishi
Nissan
Oldsmobile
Opel
Pagani
Panoz 
Peugeot
Plymouth 
Pontiac
Porsche
Regal
Renault 
Rolls-Royce
Roush 
Rover
Saab
Saleen
Saturn
Seat
Scion
Shelby
Skoda
Smart
Subaru
Suzuki
Tesla
Toyota
Triumph
TVR
Vauxhall 
Volkswagen
Volvo
Yugo

2001 or newer model year gasoline vehicle sold in the European Union

Commission Directive 70/220/EEC, Annex I:

8.1. Vehicles with positive-ignition engines
With effect from 1 January 2000 for new types and from 1 January 2001 for all types, vehicles of category M1, except vehicles the maximum mass of which exceeds 2500 kg, and vehicles of category N1 class I, must be fitted with an on-board diagnostic (OBD) system for emission control in accordance with Annex XI. [...]

Note that here "European Union" means countries which were members of the EU in 2000.

2004 or newer model year diesel vehicle sold in the European Union

Commission Directive 70/220/EEC, Annex I:

8.2. Vehicles with compression-ignition engines
Vehicles of category M1, except
- vehicles designed to carry more than six occupants including the driver,
- vehicles whose maximum mass exceeds 2500 kg,
from 1 January 2003 for new types and from 1 January 2004 for all types, must be fitted with an on-board diagnostic (OBD) system for emission control in accordance with Annex XI.

Note that here "European Union" means countries which were members of the EU in 2003.

Other vehicles

If your vehicle does not fall into any of the above categories, look under the hood and try to locate a label (Fig. 1) that explicitly states that the vehicle was designed to comply with OBD-II legislation.

obd label

Fig. 1 - Vehicle Emission Control Information Label

In this case, OBD-II is used as a general term and can mean any of the following:

  • OBD II (California ARB)
  • EOBD (European OBD)
  • JOBD (Japanese OBD)

You may also consult your vehicle's owner's manual and perhaps contact your local dealer. However, be aware of the fact that many dealers do not know the difference between OBD and OBD-II.

If the vehicle is not OBD-II compliant, you cannot use a generic OBD-II scan tool such as ElmScan to obtain diagnostic information from your vehicle.

But my car has the 16-pin OBD connector, shouldn't it be OBD-II compliant?

No, not necessarily. A lot of European and Asian manufacturers equipped their vehicles with D-shaped 16-pin connectors long before they began installing OBD-II systems on those vehicles. One curious thing to note here is the fact that most non-EOBD compliant vehicles had a DLC that does not fully conform to SAE J1979. Compare figures 2 and 3, and notice the "ears" on the non-EOBD compliant Ford Focus.


Fig. 2 - Ford Escort DLC (courtesy of DigitalFriction, UK)

ShopDone ODII which support 9 protocals is fitable for  1996 later made cars. And the one support 7 protocals is fitable only for 2006 later made cars.
Fig. 3 - J1962 Vehicle Connector, Type A

0
29 November, 2016

A Greater Cincinnati manufacturer is rolling out what it believes is the first electric pickup work truck for fleet usage

A Greater Cincinnati manufacturer is rolling out what it believes is the first electric pickup work truck for fleet usage.

Workhorse Group Inc. (Nasdaq: WKHS) is expected to begin production of the Workhorse W-15 light duty pickup truck in 2018. The trucks will have an 80-mile battery range along with a gasoline generator that will begin operating once the battery power has been depleted.

“We believe this will be the first plug-in range-extended electric pickup truck built from the ground up by an original equipment manufacturer in America. It’s not a conversion vehicle,” Workhorse CEO Steve Burns said in a statement. “We feel the extended range capability from the combination of Panasonic batteries and an on-board generator will deliver the performance that fleet managers expect from a work truck.”

Duke Energy, the city of Portland and the city of Orlando’s municipal fleet have signed non-binding letters of interest to purchase the trucks for their respective uses. Duke Energy has said it could purchase as many as 500 trucks.

Burns said the pickup truck market is one of the most competitive landscapes where Workhorse could operate because they're the most-purchased vehicles in the U.S. He said Workhorse officials have been talking to fleet managers who said they've been waiting for greener pickup options.

"There's definitely a cry for it from fleets," Burns told me. "Once we found out the appetite was there and the price point would be applicable, we surveyed them to see how big the battery pack needs to be."

Burns said the 80-mile battery power should be plenty to handle most days for fleet vehicles but the generator option was created to facilitate longer drives such as when Duke utility workers have to drive to parts of the country affected by hurricanes and other disasters.

For now, Burns said Workhorse is targeting utility companies with its new product and focusing specifically on fleet usage.

"To come with something completely different, we think that's how a small company like us will be able to break into the industry," Burns said.

The trucks are expected to lower fuel and maintenance costs for fleet managers while reducing overall emissions. Burns said the trucks will also be the safest pickups on the market with the largest crumple zone and lowest center of gravity.

Workhorse recently expanded its deal with United Parcel Service to include 200 additional trucks for its delivery routes. UPS previously had 125 of those vehicles on the road. The new pickup trucks will use similar battery packs, Burns said.

Workhorse is also creating prototypes for the United States Postal Service. It's one of six finalists for what would be a $5 billion federal contract.

1
02 November, 2016

Scarf Classic Forms

Uniforms[edit]

Main article: Neckerchief
Four Scout scarves. They are (clockwise from top) the 21st World Scout Jamboree scarf, a Gang Showscarf from Cumberland Gang Show, the troop and group scarf from 1st Cherrybrook Scout Group, and the national scarf for Australia.

Students in the United Kingdom traditionally wear academic scarves with distinctive combinations of striped colours identifying their individual university or college.

Members of the Scouting Movement wear scarfs as part of their uniform, with different colours, such as red and green, and logos to represent their scout group. They are also used at camps to represent units, subcamps or the camp as a whole. Fun scarves are also used as memorabilia at Scout events and country scarves are often traded at international gatherings. In some Socialist countries Young pioneers wore a red scarf.

Bib scarf[edit]

Also known as Branch scarf, it is most commonly used by the US Army and other American military units, but is also used by other countries like Denmark. It is worn in the colours of the regiment in service uniforms, but was also used in combat uniforms, such as the American Cavalry.

Robert Duvall's "Lt Col Kilgore" tropical combat coat and signature yellow branch scarf from "Apocalypse Now"

Sport[edit]

Since at least the early 1900s, when the phenomenon began in Britain, coloured scarves have been traditional supporter wear for fans of association football teams across the world, even those in warmer climates. These scarves come in a wide variety of sizes and are made in a club's particular colours and may contain the club crest, pictures of renowned players, and various slogans relating to the history of the club and its rivalry with others. At some clubs supporters will sometimes perform a 'scarf wall' in which all supporters in a section of the stadium will stretch out their scarves above their heads with both hands, creating an impressive 'wall' of colour.

Portuguese football scarves held in a coordinated 'Scarf Wall' display, Euro 2004.

This is usually accompanied by the singing of a club anthem such as "You'll Never Walk Alone" at Liverpool F.C.[4] or "Grazie Roma" at A.S. Roma. This was initially solely a British phenomenon, but has since spread to the rest of EuropeNorth and South America. Some clubs supporters will perform a scarf 'twirl' or 'twirly' in which a group of supporters hold the scarves above their heads with one hand, and twirl the scarf, creating a 'blizzard' of colour. This is usually accompanied by a club anthem such as "Hey Jude" at Heart of Midlothian F.C.

Scarf wearing is also a noted feature of support for Australian rules football clubs in the Australian Football League. The scarves are in the form of alternating bars of colour, usually with the team name or mascot written on each second bar.

Decorative scarf rings[edit]

The 1890s were exciting, prosperous and ground-breaking times in the history of women's fashion. Women were increasingly involved in the world of business, finance and the stock market. Income earning working women were able to enjoy more time for leisure and sport and this spawned a booming entertainment industry. Sporting activities traditionally the domain of men, such as tennis, bicycling and golf lead to dramatic wardrobe changes. Hats replaced large ungainly bonnets, and scarves became fashionable, often worn over a hat. This was often a look sported by women while engaged in outdoor activities. A scarf ring was one way to secure the scarf in place. Today, Scarf Rings of silver, gold, mother of pearl, horn and many other materials are used by women all over the world to personalise their scarves, to fix or adorn the scarf. Scarf Rings serve both a decorative and practical function.

Manufacturing of scarves[edit]

Alpaca scarves at the OtavaloArtisan Market in the Andes Mountains of Ecuador.

The craft of knitting garments such as scarves is an important trade in some countries. Hand-knitted scarves are still common as gifts as well.

Printed scarves are additionally offered internationally through high fashion design houses. Among the latter are BurberryMissoniAlexander McQueenCole HaanChanelEtroLanvinHermèsNicole MillerFerragamoEmilio PucciDiorFendiLouis Vuitton and Prada.

There are three basic scarf shapes: square, triangular and rectangular.[3]

The main manufacturer of fashion scarves used today is China, with India, Hong Kong and Indonesia close behind. The most common materials used to make fashion scarves are silk, fleece, pashmina and cashmere.

1
02 November, 2016

Scarf History from wiki

History[edit]

American politician Helen Gahagan Douglas wearing a neck scarf (1920s).

Ancient Rome is one of the many origins of the scarf, where the garment was used to keep clean rather than warm. It was called the sudarium, which translates from Latin to English as "sweat cloth", and was used to wipe the sweat from the neck and face in hot weather. They were originally worn by men around their neck or tied to their belt. Soon women started using the scarves, which were made of cloth and not made of wool, pashmina, or silk, and ever since the scarf has been fashionable among women.[1] (Reference does not support all these statements, contains weasel-words "Experts say...", contains mistakes (self-contradictory), generally seems unreliable, and came from a scarf wholesaler.)

Historians believe that during the reign of the Chinese Emperor Cheng, scarves made of cloth were used to identify officers or the rank of Chinese warriors.[1]

In later times, scarves were also worn by soldiers of all ranks in Croatia around the 17th century. The only difference in the soldiers' scarves that designated a difference in rank was that the officers had silk scarves whilst the other ranks were issued with cotton scarves. Some of the Croatian soldiers served as mercenaries with the French forces. The men's scarves were sometimes referred to as "cravats" (from the French cravate, meaning "Croat"), and were the precursor of the necktie.[citation needed]

The scarf became a real fashion accessory by the early 19th century for both men and women. By the middle of the 20th century, scarves became one of the most essential[citation needed] and versatile clothing accessories for both men and women. Celebrities have often led fashion trends with film props subsequently becoming mainstream fashion items. Celebrity endorsements[2] have not only made scarves and shoes worn by film actors and actresses more accessible but provide the buying public with the opportunity of wearing celebrity-first accessories. The actress Kate Copeland wore a pair of red stilettos made by the haute couture fashion brand, Nadderzique, in the film Stiletto which led to the growth in independent boutique wear including scarfs by the well-known brand PYNQ. This upward trend in growth of independent boutiques offers individuality despite customers wishing to follow celebrity trends because items for sale often remain as one-off and individual or bespoke pieces.

Uses and types[edit]

Main article: Headscarf
An Epitrachil stole used by bishops of the Orthodox Church and Eastern Catholic Churches as the symbol of their priesthood.

In cold climates, a thick knitted scarf, often made of wool, is tied around the neck to keep warm. This is usually accompanied by a warm hat and heavy coat. Scarves can typically only be worn for about ten minutes per usage(every ten minutes is considered one usage).

In drier, dustier warm climates, or in environments where there are many airborne contaminants, a thin headscarfkerchief, or bandanna is often worn over the eyes and nose and mouth to keep the hair clean. Over time, this custom has evolved into a fashionable item in many cultures, particularly among women. The cravat, an ancestor of the necktie and bow tie, evolved from scarves of this sort in Croatia[citation needed].

Religions such as Judaism under Halakhah (Jewish Law) promote modest dress code among women. Many married Orthodox Jewishwomen wear a tichel to cover their hair. The Tallit is commonly worn by Jewish men especially for prayers, which they wrap around their head to recite the blessing of the Tallit.

Young Sikh boys, and sometimes girls, often wear a bandanna to cover their hair, before moving on to the turban. Older Sikhs may wear them as an under-turban.

Somali woman wearing a traditional headscarf.

Islam promotes modest dress among women. Many Muslim women wear a headscarf, often known as a hijab and in Quranic Arabic as the khimar. The Keffiyeh is commonly used by Muslim men, as for example Yasser Arafat who adopted a black and white fishnet-patterned keffiyeh as a hallmark.

Additionally, several Christian denominations include a scarf known as a Stole as part of their liturgical vestments.

Silk scarfs were used by pilots of early aircraft in order to keep oily smoke from the exhaust out of their mouths while flying. Silk Scarfs were worn by pilots of closed cockpit aircraft to prevent neck chafing; especially fighter pilots, who were constantly turning their heads from side to side watching for enemy aircraft. Today, military flight crews wear scarfs imprinted with unit insignia and emblems not for functional reasons but instead for esprit-de-corps and heritage.

In India, woollen scarfs with Bandhani work are becoming very popular. Bandhani or Bandhej is the name of the tie and dye technique used commonly in Bhuj and Mandvi of the Kutch District of Gujarat State.

An absurdly long scarf that is striped is heavily associated with the Fourth Doctor from the television series Doctor Who. His iconic scarf is sometimes known as a "Whovian scarf."

Scarfs can be tied in many ways including the pussy-cat bow, the square knot, the cowboy bib, the ascot knot, the loop, the necktie, and the gypsy kerchief.[3]

0
15 October, 2016

Online Discount Coupons

Online discount coupons enable access to great offers from some of the world’s best sites for Internet shopping. The online coupons are designed to allow compulsive online shoppers to access massive discounts on a variety of products. The regular shopper accesses the coupons in bulk and avails of great festive offers and freebies thrown in from time to time. The coupon code option is most commonly used when using a shopping cart. The coupon code is entered on the order page just before checking out. Every online shopping resource has a discount coupon submission option to confirm the coupon code. The dedicated web sites allow the shopper to check whether or not a discount is still applicable. If it is, the sites also enable the shopper to calculate the total cost after deducting the coupon amount like in the case of grocery coupons. Online discount coupons are very convenient to use. They offer great deals and professionally negotiated rates if bought from special online coupon outlets. With a little research and at times, insider knowledge the online discount coupons are a real steal. They are designed to promote products by offering ‘real value for money’ packages. The coupons are legitimate and help with budgeting, in the case of a compulsive shopper. They are available for special trade show promotions, nightlife, sporting events and dinner shows and just about anything that could be associated with the promotion of a product. The coupons enable the online shopper to optimize net access more effectively. Getting a ‘big deal’ is not more utopian amidst rising prices. The online coupons offer internet access to the best and cheapest products displayed online. Big discounts are only a code away! By Gaynor Borade (buzzle.com)

Customer Service - Client Service

Managing online business requires different skills and abilities than managing a business in the ‘real world.’ Customers can easily detect the size and determine the prestige of a business when they have the ability to walk in and take a look around. Not only do ‘real-world’ furnishings and location tell the customer what level of professionalism to expect, but "real world" personal encounters allow first impressions to be determined by how the business approaches its customer service. When a customer walks into a retail business just about anywhere in the world, that customer expects prompt and personal service, especially with regards to questions that they may have about products they wish to purchase.

Customer service or the client service is the service provided to the customer for his satisfaction during and after the purchase. It is necessary to every business organization to understand the customer needs for value added service. So customer data collection is essential. For this, a good customer service is important. The easiest way to lose a client is because of the poor customer service. The importance of customer service changes by product, industry and customer. Client service is an important part of every business organization. Each organization is different in its attitude towards customer service. Customer service requires a superior quality service through a careful design and execution of a series of activities which include people, technology and processes. Good customer service starts with the design and communication between the company and the staff.

In some ways, the lack of a physical business location allows the online business some leeway that their ‘real world’ counterparts do not enjoy. Location is not important, furnishings are not an issue, and most of the visual first impression is made through the professional design of the business website.

However, one thing still remains true. Customers will make their first impressions on the customer service they encounter. Unfortunately, in online business there is no opportunity for front- line staff to make a good impression. Every interaction the customer has with the website will be their primary means of making their first impression towards the business and its client service. Good customer service in any online business is a direct result of good website design and planning.

By Jayashree Pakhare (ShopDone.com)

Related:

www.thewrenchmonkey.ca

www.autopartsway.ca

www.keystoneautomotive.com